Scars appear as discoloration, a raised or recessed surface, or an uneven skin texture. Sometimes scars may even interrupt the normal range of motion and cause discomfort. Bear in mind that while scars may be minimized and faded by surgery and other cosmetic treatments including laser therapy, they can never be completely eliminated.
When the body suffers a trauma, an injury, accident or burn, the skin reacts by forming a scar. These markings can be either subtle, or quite noticeable, causing one to feel self-conscious and socially shut down.
Different types of scars
Some scars are minor and can be easily improved with cosmetic procedures. These types of scars include those from acne, as well as from surgical incisions. They do not challenge the functioning of the body, but rather are removed for aesthetic reasons.
What causes acne scars?
Moderate to severe acne is one of the most common causes of facial scarring. As the body works to heal itself after repeated breakouts, it forms new collagen fibers; however, this natural reparation process is not always perfect. Most commonly, pitted acne scars result when tissue is damaged and not enough collagen is produced.
Who gets acne scars?
Acne scarring can happen to anyone. Teenagers are particularly susceptible to severe acne caused by changing hormones, genetics and hygiene habits. As they leave puberty and their skin starts to clear up, they can often be left with damaged skin due to repeated breakouts.